Monthly Archives: March 2020

Corona Prevention Social awareness suggested

Social Activists, Social Groups and NGOs can conduct digital awareness campaigns to prevent infection with the corona virus

Voluntary organisations, Social Activists and Social Groups can conduct digital awareness campaigns to avoid Corona disease which has taken the form of epidemic worldwide due to SARS COVID-19. Social Activists, Social Groups, Non Profit Non Governmental organisations and social organisations need to manage awareness programme to make public cautious through their organisation’s Facebook page, in WhatsApp groups and though other available media. Social Activists, Social Groups and NGO can generate awareness by placing information on their blogs and websites, about the process and ways to control of the increasing risk of corona infection so that it can be control and stop to spread.

Aware to the people how to avoid infection
They have to tell that whenever they use to come from outside or they have touched someone or any of its goods or objects, then they must wash their hands with soap for 30 seconds. Because corona viruses spread through drops that fall from cough and sneeze on the objects.
So whenever the outsider or goods come in contact, wash hands thoroughly. Cover your mouth while coughing or sneezing. Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth if the hands are not clean. Avoid going to the crowded place. If you can not avoid to go, then you stand one meter away from the other persons.

What are the symptoms of corona virus?
According to the information found so far, the infected person has first suffers by fever in coronavirus (Covide-19). After this the person gets a dry cough and then after a week it starts having trouble in breathing. These symptoms do not always mean that the person has an infection with the corona virus. So far in severe cases of corona virus, pneumonia, excessive breathing difficulties, kidney failure, heart failure and even death have been caused to the virus infected person.
The risk can be serious in the case of elderly people and those who already have a disease (eg asthma, diabetes, heart disease). In Italy and Spain, most people who died from Corona virus infection are elderly and obese. Some of those who died were also those who had diabetes and hypertension.

How to prevent spreading spreading corona infection?
Doctor’s advice must be taken and followed in every case of suspecting infection. However, also keep in mind the information being given here.
If a person has come from an infected area or has been in contact with an infected person, then that person can be advised to stay alone. Those infected people have to stay at home, do not go to office, school or public places. Infected must not travel by public vehicles such as bus, train, auto or taxi. Do not call guests at home. Be more cautious if infected is living with family or colleagues or with other people, then stay in separate rooms and continuously sanitize shared kitchen and bathroom, clean it. Following this for atleast 14 days so that the risk of infection can be reduced. Doctor’s advice is important in every case of such infection. The patient should wear a mask. Change the mask daily. Do not touch the mask. Wear the mask in such a way that the nose and mouth are covered well. Because these viral particles can enter your body by way of breath when approaching an infected person.
If someone touches a place where these particles have fallen and then touches his eye, nose or mouth with the same hand, then these particles reach his body. In this case, using tissue papers while coughing and sneezing, not touching your face without washing your hands and avoiding contact with the infected person are very important to prevent the virus from spreading. If you are healthy, still keep social distancing from other person outside the house or from outside. Social distancing means staying away from each other so that the risk of infection can be reduced.
Social Activists, Social Groups and NGOs can use the information described above to prevent infection with the corona virus.

कोरोना फैलने से रोकने जागरूकता अपेक्षित

समाज सेवी व्यक्ति, समाज सेवी समूह, स्वयं सेवी संस्थाएं (एनजीओ) कोरोना वायरस के संक्रमण से बचने के लिए डिजिटल जागरूकता अभियान चलाएं

SARS COVID -19 के कारण विश्व भर में महामारी का रूप ले चुकी कोरोना बीमारी से बचने के लिए स्वयं सेवी संस्थाएं डिजिटल जागरूकता अभियान चला सकती है. स्वयं सेवी संस्थाएं अपनी संस्था के फेसबुक पेज पर, व्हाट्सप्प ग्रुप्स में, अपने ब्लोग्स और वेबसाइट्स के जरिए जागरूकता अभियान चलाएं कि कोरोना के संक्रमण के बढ़ते ख़तरे को देखते हुए इससे बचाव हेतु सावधानी बरतने की ज़रूरत है ताकि इसे फैलने से रोका जा सके. इस पर जन जागरूकता की जा सकती है.

एनजीओ, समाज सेवी समूह और समाज सेवी आम लोगो को समझाएं कि संक्रमण से कैसे बचा जाए
उनको बताना है कि वे जब भी बाहर से जाकर आएं या बाहर से आए किसी व्यक्ति को या उसके किसी सामान या वस्तु को उसने छुआ है तो बीस सेकंड तक अपने हाथ साबुन से जरूर धोएं. क्योंकि कोरोना के वायरस खांसी और छींक से गिरने वाली बूंदों के ज़रिए फैलते हैं.
इसलिए जब भी बाहरी व्यक्ति या सामान के सम्पर्क में आएं तो हाथ अच्छी तरह से धो ले. खांसते या छींकते वक़्त अपना मुंह ढक लें. हाथ साफ़ नहीं हो तो आंखों, नाक और मुंह को छूने बचें. भीड़ भाड़ वाली जगह पर जाने से बचे. मज़बूरी में जाना ही पड़े तो अन्य व्यक्ति से एक मीटर की दूरी पर खड़े रहे.

कोरोना वायरस के लक्षण क्या है ?
अब तक मिली जानकारी के अनुसार संक्रमित व्यक्ति को कोरोनावायरस (कोवाइड-19) में पहले बुख़ार होता है. इसके बाद उसे सूखी खांसी आती है और फिर एक हफ़्ते बाद उसे सांस लेने में परेशानी होने लगती है. इन लक्षणों का हमेशा मतलब यह नहीं है कि उसको कोरोना वायरस का संक्रमण है. अब तक के कोरोना वायरस के गंभीर मामलों में निमोनिया, सांस लेने में बहुत ज़्यादा परेशानी, किडनी फ़ेल होना, हार्ट फेल होना और यहां तक कि मौत भी संक्रमित व्यक्ति की हुई है.
उम्रदराज़ बुजुर्ग लोग और जिन लोगों को पहले से ही कोई बीमारी है (जैसे अस्थमा, मधुमेह, दिल की बीमारी) उनके मामले में ख़तरा गंभीर हो सकता है. इटली और स्पेन में कोरोना वायरस संक्रमण से मरने वाले ज्यादातर लोग बुजुर्ग और मोटे लोग ही है. मरने वालो में कुछ लोग वे भी है जिन्हे डायबिटीज और हाइपरटेंशन की बीमारी थी.

कोरोना का संक्रमण फैलने से कैसे रोकें?
संक्रमण या संदेह के हर मामले में डॉक्टर की सलाह लेना आवश्यक है. फिर भी यहाँ जो जानकारी दी जा रही है उसका भी ध्यान रखें.
अगर कोई व्यक्ति संक्रमित इलाक़े से आया हैं या किसी संक्रमित व्यक्ति के संपर्क में रहा हैं तो उसको अकेले रहने की सलाह दी जा सकती है. वो व्यक्ति घर पर रहें ऑफ़िस, स्कूल या सार्वजनिक जगहों पर न जाएं. सार्वजनिक वाहन जैसे बस, ट्रेन, ऑटो या टैक्सी से यात्रा न करें घर में मेहमान न बुलाएं. अगर आप और परिवार या साथियों के साथ या अन्य लोगों के साथ रह रहे हैं तो ज़्यादा सतर्कता बरतें. अलग कमरे में रहें और साझा रसोई व बाथरूम को लगातार सेनिटाईज़ करें, साफ़ करें. 14 दिनों तक ऐसा करते रहें ताकि संक्रमण का ख़तरा कम हो सके. रोगी मास्क पहन कर रखे. मास्क को रोज़ाना बदले. मास्क पर हाथ न लगाए. मास्क इस तरह पहने कि नाक और मुंह अच्छे से ढँक जाये. क्योंकि संक्रमित व्यक्ति के नज़दीक जाने पर ये विषाणुयुक्त कण सांस के रास्ते आपके शरीर में प्रवेश कर सकते हैं.
अगर कोई किसी ऐसी जगह को छूता हैं, जहां ये कण गिरे हैं और फिर उसके बाद उसी हाथ से अपनी आंख, नाक या मुंह को छूते हैं तो ये कण उसके शरीर में पहुंचते हैं. ऐसे में खांसते और छींकते वक्त टिश्यू का इस्तेमाल करना, बिना हाथ धोए अपने चेहरे को न छूना और संक्रमित व्यक्ति के संपर्क में आने से बचना इस वायरस को फैलने से रोकने के लिए बेहद महत्वपूर्ण हैं. अगर आप स्वस्थ है फिर भी घर से बाहर या बाहर से घर आए हुए अन्य व्यक्ति से सोशल डिस्टेंसिंग रखे. सोशल डिस्टेंसिंग का मतलब होता है एक-दूसरे से दूर रहना ताकि संक्रमण के ख़तरे को कम किया जा सके.
समाज सेवी व्यक्ति, समाज सेवी समूह और स्वयं सेवी संस्थाएं (एनजीओ) ऊपर बताई गई जानकारी को कोरोना वायरस का संक्रमण रोकने के लिए काम में ले सकती है.


NITI Aayog invited CSOs, NGOs, NPOs and other development partners to create awareness among the people about Covid-19 and its consequences on the society and to follow the Social Distancing and other precautions to stop Corona virus. CEO NITI Aayog issued a Letter to NGOs regarding creating awareness about COVID-19 and its implications:-

Niti Ayog letter to NGOs about Corona


USEFUL LINKS:

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Gov. of India
https://www.mohfw.gov.in/

WHO : COVID-19
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

CDC
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html

COVID-19 Global Tracker
https://coronavirus.thebaselab.com/

Hunger & Stay Centers Delhi – During Lockup Period

Food Hunger Centres and Night Stay Centrs in Delhi

दिल्ली में लॉक डाउन के दौरान दिल्ली सरकार द्वारा भोजन व रात्रि विश्राम हेतु व्यवस्था

Food Hunger Help Centres in Delhi managed and operated by Government of Delhi. The Food is free in the centres established by Delhi Government. If anybody need food then can get from the Food Centers.
Delhi Government has also established Night Stay Homes for night stay arrangements and rest in Delhi, for anyone who wants to stay in night can stay there. Free food and free stay facilities for the migrant labourers and other needy citizens is provided there.

दिल्ली में खाद्य भूख सहायता केंद्र दिल्ली सरकार द्वारा प्रबंधित और संचालित किए जा रहे हैं. दिल्ली सरकार द्वारा स्थापित केंद्रों में भोजन मुफ्त है. यदि किसी को भोजन की आवश्यकता है तो वह खाद्य केंद्रों से प्राप्त कर सकते है. दिल्ली सरकार ने रात्रि विश्राम स्थल बनाकर  दिल्ली में रात्रि विश्राम के लिए भी व्यवस्था की है, जो रुकना चाहे रात्रि विश्राम स्थल में रुक सकते हैं. दिल्ली में प्रवासी श्रमिकों, दिल्ली में रहने वाले श्रमिकों  व अन्य जरुरतमंदो के लिए फ्री में भोजन व आवास की यहाँ व्यवस्था है.

Delhi Governement Food Centres in Delhi

FOOD HUNGER HELP CENTERS DELHI

 

Background of Right to Information (RTI)

Background of Right to Information (RTI) – Role of NGO to Implement the Law of RTI

The concept of a citizen’s Right To Information begins with the acknowledgment that citizens ought to be the true masters of a democracy. In India, since the government is of, for, and by the people, and is funded almost entirely by the taxes paid by the citizens, it is easy to see how the citizens are the root of the system of governance. However, these supposed “masters” of the country often had little or no access to essential information about the governance of their own country! It was to remedy this fundamental problem that the Right To Information Act was passed by the parliament.

The Right To Information is a fundamental right in every sense of the word because it is absolutely essential to the healthy functioning of a modern democracy since an uninformed citizen cannot possibly be expected to be a good citizen. Moreover, though, the Right To Information Act opens the doors to exposing all sorts of government inefficiency, malaise, corruption, and inadequacy. While the average citizen often complains about the present state of affairs of the country, he/she also usually lacks the understanding to make things right. That is how the Right To Information Act serves to empower even the weakest citizen to participate in their own governance.

The Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) spearheaded the right to information movement in Rajasthan – and subsequently, throughout India. MKSS famously used the right to information as tool to draw attention to the underpayment of daily wage earners and farmers on government projects, and more generally, to expose corruption in government expenditure. Initially, MKSS lobbied government to obtain information such as muster rolls (employment and payment records) and bills and vouchers relating to purchase and transportation of materials. This information was then crosschecked at Jan Sunwais (public hearings) against actual testimonies of workers. The public hearings were incredibly successful in drawing attention to corruption and exposing leakages in the system. They were particularly significant because of their use of hard documentary evidence to support the claims of villagers.

Over time, the media and the government paid increasing attention to the results of the Jan Sunwais. Consequently, greater attention was focused on the importance of the right to information as a means for increasing transparency and accountability, as well as empowering poor people. Although MKSS was able to obtain some information from Government during the early 1990s, it was not easy. The difficulties experienced by MKSS in trying to access information reinforced the importance of a comprehensive right to information law for Rajasthan.

On 5 April 1995, the Chief Minister of Rajasthan announced in the Legislative Assembly that his Government would be the first in the country to provide access to information to citizens on all local developmental works. However, no action was taken for months. Exactly a year later on 6 April 1996, MKSS started an indefinite Dharna (protest demonstration) in Bewar town. Their immediate demand was that the State Government pass Executive Orders to provide a limited right to information in relation to local development expenditure. The government responded by issuing Orders to inspect relevant documents on payment of fees. However, the Order was rejected by civil society as ineffective because it did not allow taking photocopies of documents.

On 6 May 1996, one month later, the Dharna was extended to Jaipur, the state capital. The Dharna was strongly supported by the people of the State. On 14 May 1996, the Government responded, announcing the establishment of a committee to look into the practical aspects of implementing right to information within two months. In response, MKSS called off the Dharna. Unfortunately, Government interest again lapsed, such that in May 1997 another series of Dharnas commenced, which continued for 52 long days. At the end of this time, the Government announced that the Government had already notified the right to receive photocopies relating to local level government functions six months earlier! Civil society was taken by surprise – through all their discussions with Government it was the first time they had been told about the order providing access to information to people.

In 1998, during the State elections the Opposition Party promised in its election manifesto to enact a law on right to information if it came to power. Following their election, the Party appointed a committee of bureaucrats, headed by Mr P.N. Bhandari, a Secretary of the Rajasthan Government, to draft a bill on the right to information. As the Committee was comprised only bureaucrats, stong objections were raised by civil society organisations, following which the members of MKSS and National Campaign for Peoples Right to Information were invited to assist in drafting the bill.

MKSS and NCPRI conducted a host of consultations in each divisional headquarters of the State. Drawing on the input from these consultations, a draft civil society Right to Information Bill was prepared, which was then submitted to the Committee. The Committee drew on the citizens draft Bill for its recommendations, but refused to accept the Bill in toto.